10 Species Humans Drove Into EXTINCTION

10 Species Humans Drove Into EXTINCTION

– [Voiceover] Humans have
long hunted other animals in order to survive; however, in the last
few hundred years, we’ve developed the capacity
to wipe out other species in staggering numbers. Modern firearms
allow a single hunter to take down many animals
in relative safety, when previously, a human
hunter endured great danger to kill just a single one. These are the 10 animals
humans hunted into extinction. The passenger pigeon suffered in part from its
own commonality. It was so numerous,
that hunting it to extinction seemed as likely as hunting cockroaches
to extinction. Moreover, the passenger
pigeon could be a pest. They gathered in huge
flocks, and were tetacered for the damage they
caused to crops. But passenger pigeons
were primarily killed for food, not as
pest extermination. By 1870, there was a
healthy commercial trade in passenger pigeon meat, and the birds’ tendency
to gather in large numbers merely made them more
vulnerable to human hunters. The last known kill in
the wild occurred in 1900, and the last known
passenger pigeon died in the Cincinnati Zoo in 1914. The Atlas bear inhabited
the Atlas Mountains in North Africa. This nine-foot long,
1,000 pound bear was prized by the Romans
in Africa 2,000 years ago for gladiatorial appearances. There they might be
hunted as a spectacle, or they could be
starved and released on condemned prisoners. Although they continued
to be hunted up until the late 19th
century when they vanished, there is no known pelt
or skeleton preserved for study or display. The thylacine, sometimes known
as the Tasmanian wolf because of its shape, or a
Tasmanian tiger because of its stripes, was the world’s largest carnivorous
marsupial in modern times. In Tasmania, however,
the thylacine was blamed for numerous attacks
on European sheep herds and poultry farms. Companies, and eventually
the government, put out bounties
on the creatures to control their numbers. This scheme worked too well. The last known kill in
the wild happened in 1930, and the last known captive
thylacine died in 1936. The sea mink is a much larger
version of the American mink. Reaching three feet in
length, the sea mink’s pelt was twice as large as
that of its cousin. This made them a huge
prize for hunters, who took them both
for food and fur. It went extinct
sometime in the 2nd half of the 19th century. The Bubal hartebeest
was a large antelope which lived throughout
North Africa. Ancient Egyptian
hieroglyphics included a symbol meaning
baby hartebeest, suggesting its importance there. It’s possible the Egyptians
domesticated the animal, and used it for sacrifice. The Bubal hartebeest
disappeared rapidly as European colonies
set up shop in the area. The London Convention of
1933, in an early attempt at conservation among
colonial powers, attempted to protect these animals,
although it’s entirely possible that they were already
extinct by that point anyway. Still, it’s the
thought that counts. Stellar’s sea cow was a
30-foot long close relative of the manatee,
which likely weighed between eight and 10 tons. Despite its size, it
would come on land, dragging itself with
its front flippers. Fossil records suggest the sea
cow was originally plentiful in the North Pacific; however,
they were already severely endangered when Stellar found
them, as they were hunted to the verge of extinction
by Aboriginal people. A sea cow’s carcass
provided meat, skins, and quality lamp oil, making
it a valuable commodity, and by 1768, it was extinct. The quagga is a type of
zebra, although it looks like a cross between a
zebra and a horse. The front of the creature
has brown and white stripes, while the back is plain brown. It was native to South Africa,
and was hunted both for its meat and for its hide, which
Europeans traded to locals. It may also have competed with the Europeans domesticated
animals for foraging, which would only encourage
hunters to rid the area of what would have
been seen as pests. The last known quagga in
the wild died in 1878. The last captive one
lived until 1883. The Barbary lion, also
known as the Atlas lion, was found in North Africa, particularly in the area
of the Atlas Mountains. They were among the
largest of lions, and had been prized
since at least the Roman Empire for
their fierceness. Like the Atlas bear, the
Barbary lion was captured by Romans, and forced to
fight for sport in the arenas. Humans continued to put pressure on the Barbary
lions for centuries. When the Europeans
took over the area, they cleared the lion
from several areas and continued to pursue it
into the wilderness for sport. The fate of the Barbary lion
is somewhat in question. A few may have survived into
the wilderness until the 1960s. Several zoos claimed to
have purebred Barbary lions, but this is highly contested. More likely, they are
hyrids of Barbaries, and non-Barbaries. So far, no genetics
tests have suggested that a purebred
Barbary still exists, and the species has
been lost to history. The great auk lived
in the North Atlantic. Although it was a
flightless bird with black and white features, standing
two to three feet tall, it was not your typical penguin. The great auks had been
hunted since the Stone Age, and they started facing real
trouble in the 16th century when they started being hunted in large numbers for
their downy feathers. Great Britain actually
made this illegal in the 18th century,
a very early example of government conservation;
however, it wasn’t illegal to kill the birds
for other purposes. Great auk eggs were also
valuable, first for eating, and then for collecting. So by that point, it was too
late to save the great auk. Some of the very
last auks were killed as scientific specimens. The last live great auk
was spotted in 1852, never to be seen again. The Caribbean monk seal is
mentioned in the records of Christopher Columbus when his soldiers killed
eight of them. Going forward, the seals
were a regular target for hunters, which sold
the oil in their blubber for lamp fuel and
machinery grease. The seals were known to
congregate in the hundreds on beaches, making
them easy targets. Still, this species
somehow managed to survive at least until 1952. It was placed on the list of
endangered species in 1967, but it most likely, by that
time, was already extinct, making the effort a
pointless gesture. For more top lists like this, be sure to leave a
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100 thoughts on “10 Species Humans Drove Into EXTINCTION

  1. what about that fat bird which couldn't fly? it got extinct due to europeans using the feather for a hat

  2. What in Davy Jones' locker did ye just bark at me, ye scurvy bilgerat? I'll have ye know I be the meanest cutthroat on the seven seas, and I've led numerous raids on fishing villages, and raped over 300 wenches. I be trained in hit-and-run pillaging and be the deadliest with a pistol of all the captains on the high seas. Ye be nothing to me but another source o' swag. I'll have yer guts for garters and keel haul ye like never been done before, hear me true. You think ye can hide behind your newfangled computing device? Think twice on that, scallywag. As we parley I be contacting my secret network o' pirates across the sea and yer port is being tracked right now so ye better prepare for the typhoon, weevil. The kind o' monsoon that'll wipe ye off the map. You're sharkbait, fool. I can sail anywhere, in any waters, and can kill ye in o'er seven hundred ways, and that be just with me hook and fist. Not only do I be top o' the line with a cutlass, but I have an entire pirate fleet at my beck and call and I'll damned sure use it all to wipe yer arse off o' the world, ye dog. If only ye had had the foresight to know what devilish wrath your jibe was about to incur, ye might have belayed the comment. You're fish food now, lad.

  3. The Caribbean had seals? Wouldn't their blubber be a severe evolutionary disadvantage in the warm Gulf Stream waters of the Carribean?

  4. AFTER WATCHING this it seems as if it was the introduction of Europeans into foreign lands that drove many of these species into extinction.

  5. Damn no one even commented that almost all of these species where not killed to extinction by the local aboriginal peoples but by any and everything surrounding European white people. It seems like everywhere the white man went to set up a living, native things went extinct.

  6. only the atlas lions? well lions lived in Greece too during the time of Alexander the great and by fact one of his hobbies was lion hunting

  7. You don't even need to hunt animals to drive them extinct. American frog and bat species are being devastated as we speak by invasive fungal infections. Not much we can do about it but try to slow it down. Don't be surprised if you hear on the news one day we don't have bats anymore.

  8. I pray for the day that humans go extinct, we have been nothing but a fucking cancerous tumor upon this earth

  9. i was subscribed to this channel, but when i see the image of the vid, shit men, why did u gotta put this shitty images on ur vids.

  10. and they say 2016 people were killing animals and driving the world to extinct when nearly half of our animals went extinct in 1900 or 1800

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